These fractures are caused by repetitive submaximal loads on the foot, ankle, and leg. They are often the result of overuse (in athletes over-training). These fractures are very common in female athletes and long-distance runners.
The lower leg in runners, the calcaneus and talus in distance runners, as well as the big toe, are all common stress fracture sites.
Rest is often enough to relieve pain and tenderness. The fracture may not always be visible on X-rays. MRI and bone scans may prove useful.
The majority of people heal by resting, immobilization, and cross-training. Avoid high-impact exercises and wear comfortable shoes.
Possible Treatment Goals
- Decrease Risk of Reoccurrence
- Improve Function
- Improve Muscle Strength and Power
- Increase Oxygen to Tissues
- Self-care of Symptoms
- Improve Safety
- Improve Tolerance for Prolonged Activities